Self-care behaviors in people living with type 2 diabetes.

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    • Abstract:
      Introduction: Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that impairs the body's ability to use carbohydrates in foods for energy. Selfcare is an effective strategy to improve the status and control of chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes. The present study aimed to systematically review the current self-care behaviors in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: We carried out a systematic review in February 2021 using the PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, and Web of Science databases. We evaluated the records in two phases of title/abstract and full-text screenings against the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Non-English studies, reviews, case reports, studies lacking full-text, and studies on non-human subjects were excluded. We then extracted the data into word tables and the extracted data was used to draft the study. Results: We identified 43 eligible records. In this study, a set of self-care behaviors was identified for individuals with type 2 diabetes in five main groups: diet, exercise, blood sugar monitoring, medication adherence, and other self-care behaviors. Based on the study's findings, the majority of reviewed studies (n=37, 86.0%) referred to diet and exercise as an effective self-care behavior for type 2 diabetes. Blood glucose monitoring, medication adherence, and foot care were reported in 74.4%, 58.1%, and 37.2% of other studies, respectively. Conclusion: Given the high prevalence of type 2 diabetes worldwide, lifestyle amendments such as diet modification and daily exercise can be effective in managing this disease. Therefore, it is recommended to focus on self-care, especially behavior change and lifestyle modification of people with type 2 diabetes, rather than investing only in the clinical treatment of this disease. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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