EL PANÓPTICO DE BENTHAM Y LA INSTRUMENTALIZACIÓN DE LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS. (Spanish)

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    • Alternate Title:
      BENTHAM'S PANOPTICON AND INSTRUMENTALIZATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS. (English)
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    • Abstract:
      This paper reviews the foundations of Jeremy Bentham's utilitarianism and the main criticisms to this doctrine, especially those which deem it incompatible with unconditional respect of human rights. Bentham's Panopticon, his proposal on prison reform published in the late eighteenth century, is discussed. Based on the analysis of the Panopticon -which is a consistent application of Bentham utilitarianism-, the author concludes that a) this doctrine promotes a humanitarian approach, although b) human rights are not guaranteed, but conditioned to the provided level of collective benefit; and c) Bentham's utilitarianism questions the universality and irrevocability of human rights. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Este artículo revisa los fundamentos del utilitarismo de Jeremy Bentham y las principales críticas a esta doctrina, profundizando en aquella que sostiene su incompatibilidad con el respeto irrestricto de los derechos humanos. Insertándose en esta problemática, analiza una paradigmática propuesta política del filósofo inglés: el panóptico, proyecto arquitectónico formulado por Bentham a finales del siglo XVIII con el fin de reformar el sistema penitenciario europeo. A partir del análisis del Panóptico -que se descubre como una aplicación coherente del utilitarismo benthamiano-, se postula que: a) esta doctrina fomenta un trato humanitario; b) los derechos humanos no quedan garantizados, sino condicionados al grado de beneficio colectivo que generen; c) este utilitarismo supone un cuestionamiento por la universalidad e irrevocabilidad de dichos preceptos. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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