Clinical and microbiological monitoring of Cystic Fibrosis patients, three years of follow-up via Tele-Medicine: an empirical research.

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    • Abstract:
      Objectives. Evaluation of the effectiveness of home care through a telemonitoring system in reducing the incidence of new colonization by Pseudomonas Aeruginosa in a population of patients with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) followed by the CF clinic of the Bambino Gesù Hospital in Rome over a period of 36 months. Materials and Methods. Two groups of patients were recruited, homogeneous for age, sex, BMI, FEV1, prevalence of CF-related Diabetes and CF-related Hepatopathy, access to new therapies with modulators: a) an IN group (N = 44 ) followed through a home telemonitoring system, b) an OUT control group (N = 110) followed according to the standards of care. The following parameters were detected for all patients: pulmonary colonization of the lungs, number and type of hospital admissions, respiratory function, BMI. Results. The OUT group had a statistically significant increase in the prevalence of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa infections during the observation period. Furthermore, a significant decrease in lung function assessed through FEV1 was also observed in the OUT group. Conclusions. Adolescent and adult patients belonging to the CF center who are not followed through the dedicated home telemonitoring service show, in the three-year period 2017-19, an increase in Pseudomonas Aeruginosa infections and a greater decrease in respiratory function. The use of telemedicine in CF is therefore an effective system not only in monitoring the disease but also as a treatment strategy, in the context of an evolving multidisciplinary model. As advantages, telemedicine can reduce the number of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa lung infections and the greater stability of respiratory function over time. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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