Susceptibilidad al consumo de tabaco y comportamiento tabáquico en las adolescentes. (Spanish)

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    • Alternate Title:
      Smoking Susceptibility and Smoking Behavior among Girls. (English)
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    • Abstract:
      In recent years, prevalence of smoking among women has been significantly increasing. The aim of this research was to examine the relationships of smoking susceptibility and smoking behavior, specifically in youth teenage girls, in order to have tools for smoking prevention among women. Three studies were conducted in successive years in public and private secondary schools of Mexico City; in total, 1.460 female adolescents participated in them. Psychometric scales were constructed and reconstructed to susceptibility, experimentation and smoking could be measured. In the latest versions of the scales were obtained explained variances > 59% and coefficients a > 0.82. Results showed high and significant coefficients of correlation between susceptibility to smoking and experimentation with tobacco (r = 0.743) as well as smoking (r = 0.424). According to the regression analysis, the susceptibility explained 28.9% of experimentation variance, and 22% of smoking variance, so it is a good predictor of smoking behavior among girls. It was concluded that smoking susceptibility is a measure that can be used reliably to evaluate smoking risk in adolescent women; in this way the prevention efforts will be properly focused on. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      En años recientes, la prevalencia de mujeres fumadoras ha aumentado significativamente. El propósito de la presente investigación fue evaluar la relación existente entre la susceptibilidad al consumo de tabaco y el comportamiento tabáquico en chicas adolescentes, a fin de contar con herramientas de prevención del consumo de tabaco en las mujeres. Se efectuaron tres estudios en años sucesivos en escuelas secundarias públicas y privadas, en los que participaron 1.460 mujeres adolescentes. Se elaboraron y reconstruyeron las escalas para medir la susceptibilidad al consumo de tabaco, la experimentación con el cigarrillo y el tabaquismo. En las últimas versiones de las tres escalas se obtuvieron varianzas explicadas > 59 % y coeficientes a > 0.82. Los resultados mostraron que los puntajes de la susceptibilidad al consumo de tabaco correlacionaron fuerte y significativamente tanto con la experimentación con el cigarrillo (r = 0.743) como con el tabaquismo (r = 0.424). De acuerdo con el análisis de regresión efectuado, la susceptibilidad explicó el 28.9% de la varianza de la experimentación, y el 22% de la del tabaquismo, por lo que constituye un predictor del comportamiento tabáquico en las adolescentes. Se concluye que la susceptibilidad al consumo de tabaco puede utilizarse confiablemente para evaluar riesgo tabáquico en las adolescentes y dirigir los esfuerzos de prevención específicamente hacia ellas. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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