Associations Between Health Care Transition Preparation Among Youth in the U.S. and Other Components of a Well-Functioning System of Services.

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    • Abstract:
      This study examines the relationships between receipt of health care transition (HCT) preparation among U.S. youth and five other components of a well-functioning system of services (family partnership in decision-making, medical home, early/continuous screening for special health care needs [SHCN], continuous/adequate health insurance, access to community-based services). Data came from the combined 2016-2017 National Survey of Children's Health (n = 29,617 youth ages 12-17). Parents/caregivers answered questions about their child's health care experiences, which were combined to measure receipt of HCT preparation and the other five components of a well-functioning system of services. Unadjusted and adjusted analyses were conducted to examine associations, stratified by youth with and without special health care needs (YSHCN/non-YSHCN). About 16.7% of YSCHN and 13.9% of non-YSHCN received HCT preparation (p =.0040). Additionally, 25.3% of YSHCN and 27.3% of non-YSHCN received all five remaining components of a system of services (p =.1212). HCT preparation was positively associated with receipt of the combined five components among both YSHCN (adjusted prevalence rate ratio = 1.53, 95% confidence interval: 1.20-1.86) and non-YSHCN (adjusted prevalence rate ratio = 1.63, 95% confidence interval: 1.39-1.88). Regarding individual system of services components, early and continuous screening for SHCN was significantly associated with HCT preparation for both populations. For non-YSHCN only, having a medical home was associated with HCT preparation. The remaining three components were not associated with HCT preparation for either population after adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics. Among both YSHCN and non-YSHCN, HCT preparation is positively associated with receipt of early and continuous screening for SHCN as well as the five combined components of a well-functioning system of services. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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